Androgenic Alopecia

The Androgenic Alopecia, also called Patterned Hair Loss , is the most common type of genetic  hair loss affecting up to 70% men and 40% women.

The gene can be inherited from the mother or father’s side . Hormone Androgens play  a central role in pattern hair loss in men called Androgenic Alopecia. The onset, rate, and severity of hair loss are unpredictable.The severity increases with age and if the condition is present it will be progressive and relentless.

The patterned hair loss called Androgenic Alopecia , is the most common inherited hair loss is , characterized by a process of progressive hair miniaturization , and eventual loss of genetically susceptible hair follicles .These type of hairs may continue to stay in the scalp  however because they are thin and short the affected individuals appear to be bald.
Hormone dihydrotestosterone plays a central role in this process of miniaturization in men . It preferentially affects hair on the superior and anterior temporal areas of the scalp,whereas in women the cause is not clear and it more commonly presents a diffuse pattern in the crown,with or without sparing of the frontal fringe.

Male Adrogenic Alopecia is the type of hair loss consist of particular receptors found in hair roots that attract DHT (dihydrotestosterone), a by-product of testosterone, which causes hair follicles to minimize and shorten their lifespan, therefore, the hair loss process begins.Men who start losing their hair at an early age tend to develop more extensive
baldness. Hair on the front, above the temples, top of scalp and crown can all be DHT receptive, depending on your genetic coding.

Below are the different patterns of hair loss in our patients based on Norwood classification of Androgenic Alopecia in men  and Ludwig classification in women

male pattern
Male Pattern Alopecia

faq_1
Female Pattern Alopecia

Alopecia treatment options can vary, ranging from surgical hair restoration to scalp cosmetics measures to hide hair loss and the science-based information on nonsurgical and medical treatments. Medical treatments for Androgenic Alopecia consist of topical to oral medications preparations that aid hair follicle growth and inhibit the formation of hormones responsible for hair loss. There are only two FDA-approved medical treatments for hair loss :

• Minoxidil solution : in 2% and 5% preparations are available that, when applied on the scalp, produce an increase in blood circulation to the hair follicles stimulating hair growth.
• Finasteride :  given only to men, is an oral medication that slows the progression of hair loss. Finasteride may also be prescribed in selected   women with pattern hair loss.

low level
Low -Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)  is a highly effective hair rejuvenation treatment process. LLLT increases cellular activity within the hair follicle, and promotes the blood flow with the proliferation of thick ,full and healthy hair.LLLT may be an appropriate treatment for some patients with male or female pattern hair loss. Patients should discuss this option with a qualified physician hair restoration specialist.  Available is laser cap or capillus a dome, laser hair growth procedures are FDA-approved and there are no reported serious side effects.The therapy is often used in conjunction with other hair loss treatments.

asian hair
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) :Scalp surgeons from Brazil, Drs.Carlos O. Uebel, Porto Alegre first reported that treating hair grafts with platelet-derived growth factors obtained from autologous platelet-rich plasma produced a significant increase in growth and density of transplanted follicular units.In addition , PRP  in hair transplantation has been reported to promote healing and hair growth and  centered in three functional applications: to preserve and enhance hair follicle viability during and after hair transplantation; to promote and enhance tissue repair and healing after hair transplantation; and to reinvigorate dormant hair follicles and stimulate new hair growth.

Dr. Julieta Peralta Arambulo  our hair transplant surgeon is one of the clinical investigators of Phase II clinical trial  of   Histogen product called “Hair Stimulating Complex” , the  highly active human derived Wnt proteins and other growth factors  produced  to promote hair growth in male with pattern hair loss or Androgenic Alopecia. She will be  one of the pioneers in the use of  this very promising product . Phase III trials will soon start in Mexico.We will update you about this technology.

The medical, non-surgical treatment options now available may provide a satisfactory solution and it will take 4 months 6 months to observe significant result. Cessation of use however, may result in a loss of new hair growth.

Among the treatment options for Androgenic Alopecia , hair transplantation provides a permanent solution, that, when performed properly by trained physicians, today’s hair restoration surgery safely and effectively creates natural-looking, results that are virtually undetectable

Please go to Hair Transplant page to understand the two techniques further and to Hair Updates, on the latest developments and innovations in hair transplant technology and to Gallery to see some of our hair transplant results.

It is, however, necessary for patient to call  our center for personal consultation appointment with Dr. Arambulo  to know more about  the benefits of these treatments in relation to your hair loss problem. Click CONTACT